Andersons of Colonial N. Carolina

meant what they said, said what they meant

TTT James Anderson 1716… Indian Trader?

with one comment

That’s my theory and I’m sticking with it…

I visited an obscure site looking for an obscure person and up pops this petition of “maybe” 1732 showing 2 Andersons for that obscure time (1730s).  I’ve yet to find another hard reference for a “Henry” Anderson in Edgecombe Precinct in the 1730s (the “County” came a decade later) .

My point is that in order for these two “petitioners” to be “of age” (21), then they would be born at least 1712… this makes them very early “Edgecombe” Andersons.

Note: The following petition is undated, but appears in the volume containing records from 1664 to 1734; and follows an entry dated November 11, 1732. A similar petition was filed by the citizens of Bertie Precinct.

Read the Petition of the Inhabitants of Edgecombe precinct which is in these words Videlicet

Petition of the Gentlemen of Edgecombe Precinct to alter the Seat of Government
To George Burrington Esqr. His Majestys Capt. General Governour and Commander in chief of the Province of North Carolina

We the Gentlemen and Freeholders of Edgecombe precinct think ourselves Extremely happy under your wise and prudent Administration the good order and peace we see now Established throughout this Province is a most convincing proof of your Excellencys Care and wisdom and deserves the thanks and gratefull Acknowledgment of all men in North Carolina

Good Lord it just chaps my ass to see the olde boys grovel on bended knee before those arrogant sniveling castletrash bafoons…. sorry… got all rebelliously patriotic and stuff… my apologies to you Democrats…

We are sencible Edenton is for many Reasons a very Inconvenient place for the Seat of Government and almost as much may be said against the settling it on Cape Fear River

Therefore we humbly desire and hope your Excellency will take proper measures for fixing the Seat of Government near the Center of the Province which we suppose is between Tar and Neuse River which will give a general Satisfaction to almost all the whole Province and greatly promote the speedy peopling the unsettled part of this Country increase the King’s Quitt Rents and Encourage Trade and Industry and be an Everlasting Demonstration of Goverour Burringtons Kindness to the Inhabitants of North Carolina

That you Sir may in health and happiness long Govern this Province are the Prayers of

Your Excellency most humble and most Obliged Servants

Tranker, James Simons, Will Williams, Pines Welding, Laurence Simcock, Edwd Robinson, Thos. Hodges, John Tapley, John Cotton, Willm. First, John Carpenter, Thos. Tapley, Willm. Reeves, John Robinson, Wm. Hamilton, Alexr. Beane, John Cor, Morris Orane, John Glover, Wm. Cullender, Joseph Richardson, Lewis Elliot, Silvester Estridge, John Gill, Jno. Doron, William Rusil, Chas. Merrit, Samll Murry, John Lew, Henry Anderson, Christ. Beane, James Moor, Benja. Joyner, Geo. Woodliff, Ricd Washington, John Mulkey, Philip Mulkey, Geo. Pace, Rodk. Pearce, Abrah. Ante, Thos. Perry, Danl. Kindal, Henry Jenning, Phil. Murray, Will. Williams Junior, William Paule, Wm. Bauldwin, Jno. Bobbett, William Dennis, Watkin Davis, Robt. Surloe, John Taylor, Thos. Goodson,Henry Guston, James Millikin, Jams. Thomspson, Thos. Jones, John Pratt, Jas. Dyal, Mathew Ruphen, Phillip Jackson, Lewis Davit, Robt. Humphreys, Robt. Humphreys Jr., Wm. Anderson, Thoms. Arrento, Richd Hainsworth Jr., Seth Vatcher, Thomas Hart, Jas. Brogden, John Smith, Robt. Ellis, Thoms. Riggin, Richd. Hill, Rob. Long Junior, Robt Warring, Jonathn. Wright, Will. Norwood, Berry Melton, Chas. McCulloe, Thos. Hicks, John Green, William Fish, Wm. Sturbidge, John Turner Senior, John Tayler, Edward Simons, Small Swaringham, Geo. Bollingson, Wm. Rushen, John Brooke, Wm. Hodges, Robt. Hodges, Danl Crawley,James Smith, John Rogers, Roger Case, Bat. Cheavers, John Branch, Thos. Bradford, W. Bulliloes, Thomas Blackman, Jno. Baldwin, Richd Merrick, Joseph Mechamp, Jas. Moore Junior, Alexr. Wright, William Moore, Walter Turburwell, Isheim Randolph, Nathan Joyner, Joseph Joyner, Gilbert Murray, Peter Ivey, Edward George, James Murray.

(A footnote states that another copy of the petition includes the names of William Whitehead, George Norris and Taphel Dyal.)

Source: Records of the Executive Council, 1664-1734, Vol. 7, (1984) pp. 298 – 299.


There are actually 2 petitions in the records… one for Edgecombe “Precinct” shown above and the second from Bertie Precinct.  The Edgecombe lists Henry Anderson and William Anderson.  The Bertie list contains another William Anderson. So there are 2 Williams at this time of 1732(?).

I suspect the William Anderson of Bertie may be a son of Robert Anderson who lived around Cashy River. But that is a guess.

Two William Andersons that I can identify are the William who dies by 1762 (from Halifax) and my ancestor William who dies in 1789 (Edgecombe) but he was a youngster in 1732 I think.  So I have an obvious interest in the two men of that 1732? Edgecombe petition.

My “gut” is telling me the above William Anderson of the petition is the guy who died in 1762.  I But I am open to any comments..

So… those two guys are on my radar to identify from the Halifax area… but also from there starting in 1716 was one James Anderson … any of these early guys may or may not be related… I don’t know.

The “obscure” guys I was searching for were Henry Guston and James Millikin… who also show up in that petition. Millikin and perhaps Guston each become Justices of the Peace in that odd period of time when Chowan, Bertie and Edgecombe Counties were evolving and being chopped up into separate counties proper.  Millikin is mentioned in other historical documents and very involved with the actual implementation of the future Edgecombe County.  James Millikin (the father) dies intestate about 1737… best I can figure… he was wealthy so much hubbub was made over his rather extensive estate.

Milliken and Guston were both Indian Traders and as I will show were not averse to travel to South Carolina and beyond to trade with the Cherokees.  The unfortunate lack of info concerning James Millikin may be due to the fact that both he and his son of the same name both died before 1754… it may be that the line ended there? Any descendants may only be from the (2) daughters.  (correction.. he did leave an underage son John which I have not attempted to trace)

Halifax Co., NC DB 1-187, dated15 Feb 1736: James Millikin to Margaret Millikin et al: to well-beloved wifeMargaret, slaves and land and money to John Millikin, my son, land when he comes of age, slaves to James Millikin, my son, land under same restrictions as son John, slaves to daughter Agnes 2 negro girls and 1/6 part of household furniture etc. to daughter Elizabeth negroes and 1/6 part of my goods and chattels to daughter Ann slaves and 16 part of household goods At a court held for Edge. Prect. the 3rd Tuesday in May 1737. Thomas Kearney D. C. Ct.
(Elizabeth Joyner, his wife, must have died and he remarried Margaret______) This deed is in essence, a “will”… so he knew he was gravely ill in 1736…

Halifax Co. DB 1-189: a letter to his friends: ask friends Rev. Mr. John Boyd, Mr. Nathan Joyner my brother-in-law, Mr. Phillip Rayford, Mr. Joseph Lane, Robert Warren to manage affairs and look after his children Wit: James Thompson, Richard Grandson, John Wolford, Joseph Montgomery His Majesties Att?y General, John Hodgson, esquire, Joseph Anderson, Robert Foster At a court held for Edge. Prect. the – Tuesday in May 1737 T. Kearney C. C. Ct.
(again this deed is essentially a continuation of his will…in my opinion)

Researcher Tommy Colbert transcribed this telling deed…

Edge. Co. (Halifax) Db 6, page 140, deed date 29 Dec 1756, recorded

Feb Ct 1757, William Richmond, Esq, Edge. Co and Ann, his wife, to Jos.

Montfort, Gentleman, for 200 pds, a tract on the south side of

Conocanary Swamp containing 250 acres, being one half the land commonly

called the “old courthouse land” beginning at the mouth of Barneys

Branch then up the meanders of the said branch along the line of the

land which said Joseph Montford purchased of Simon Wade to three red

oaks then south 60 west along the head line of said line across the

said Barneys Branch to the dividing line between the said Wm. Richmond

and Paul Patrick then along the dividing line to Conocanary Swamp then

down the various courses of the said swamp to the beginning, which said

land was formerly sold by Dr. James Thompson and Mary, his wife, to

(Colo James Millikne), late of Edge. Co, deceased who died intestate 

and thereby said land amongst other lands descended to the said (James 

Killikne) the younger and after his decease to Paul Patrick and Agness 

his wife and Ann Milliken sister and coheirs unto the said James 

Millikin the younger and was by deed date 19 Nov 1754 among other lands

to Paul Patrick and Agness his wife and Wm. Richmond who intermarried

with the said Ann Millikin and Ann his wife copartners in the lands

aforesaid James unto (Wm K??) Jr of Edge. Co, Esq and afterwards by

deed bearing date 9 Dec 1754 was conveyed by the said Wm. Kinchell to

the said Wm Richmond, signed Wm. Richmond, Ann Richmond (mark), wit

George Gibson, John Cotton (mark).  Abstracted 4-30-06, NCA film

C.047.40002, CTC.

Millikin died about 1737 …  I found his estate records at NC Archives online

Nathan Joyner was listed as one of his administrators. 

He (Milliken) had to have came directly from Scotland as he is shown sending money back to his mother in Scotland. See about halfway below:

“remitted to Millikins Mother in Scotland”   50 pounds  (a tidy sum in those days)


But back to the early James Millikin and Henry Guston…


Thursday the 15 day of July 1725.
Arrived here from Tuccaseegee Samuel Brown and John Hewet who I sent for by an Order of the 8th Instant. And having Examined the said Hewet in relation to his being among the Indians without my leave, I found that he was Employed by Mr. Marr and that after he had left the said Marrs Employ that James Millikin Indian Trader Employed him and gave him Orders to Trade by two Letters from the said Millikin which the said Hewet produced to me and having Considered the aforesd Information, I gave Orders to the said Hewet to Stay at Keewohee til the said Milikin Arrived here from the Catawbaws at which time I informed him I should give him further Orders.

Wednesday the 3d day of August 1725.
This Morning appeared before me Ja: Millikin and Henry Guston to Answer a Complt agt them pursuant to my Orders of the 18th of July last in Relation to their Employing one John Hewet for one whole Year in the Indian Trade without my leave or Lycence which I proved before them by Two Letters from them to the said Hewet, wherein they Charge him not to Trade in the presence of any White Man for fear of his being discovered.
And the said Gustin and Millikin pleading that they Employed the said Hewet out of Charity and without any design of defrauding the Country or in Contempt of the Governnfent and hoping that I would take their Case under Consideration and to Shew them as much favour as the Circumstance of the Case would Admitt of, and as would seem mett with me, Promiseing for the future to take care of any further Complt against them, And on Considering the above Complt I Ordered them to give me a Note for the Sum of Thirty pounds payable to the Country it being there due from the said Hewet who Traded for them a whole Year without any Lycence and they having given me their Note accordingly on Mr. Saml. Eveleigh Mercht I then dismist them of the Complt agt them giving them in Charge to take care for the future how they behaved themselv’s, which they Promised to do.

Munday the 6th day of September 1725. This Morning came to me King Crow and some of his head men to Enquire w[ha]t was done with the boy they promised to redeem last Year. I told them that he was among the English learning to make Shoes and that according to their desire he would not be sent over the Great Water and that as soon as they had made a gathering among themselv’s of Skines to pay for him that they might then have him again as soon as they pleased, at which they went away well Satisfyed, the King and head men having heard that I designed to goe to Togelo parts informed me that he with some of his head Men would Accompany me there. Memorand : That John Facey and Wm. Collins are Allowed as Pack- horse Men to James Millikin Indian Trader, he having given an Order on Samuel Eveleigh Mercht in Charles Town payable to the Publick for the Sum of £20, it being required by Law for the Endorsement of the said Pack horse men. Given under my hand and Seal the date above written.

…Tuesday the 12 day of October 1725.
… Came in here from Great Terriquo Ja: Millikin Indian Trader who Informed me that the person (who lately brougt into the saidTown two Womens Scalps) with Eight more were gone out to Warr agt the Upper Creeks and that they had been out Six dales and that they were to return in Twenty dales from their sitting out. He likewise gave us an Accot that their Conjurer had given them Assurance of Success. I must remark that this is the Town that the Cowsaw fellow was reed in by the head Warriour there and by no other of the Town and I am very well Satisfyed that, that Town would never come into a peace (Assurance of wch) We have had since we have been here by their going out to Warr daily against the Creeks.

There are also instances back in North Carolina to undoubtedly link the association to the two Traders…


NC STATE WIDE – COURT – Colonial Court Papers, Group 2:
Freedom of slaves, Commissions for Edenton, Other papers related to slaves

Bond by James MILLLIKEN with Henry GUSTON, bondsman for a caveat
against anyone obtaining a writ to dispossess him a slave Jack, purchased from
Thomas CLEMENS and now in dispute with Robert WILLSFORD and Thomas BRYANT.
Witnesses: James CRAVEN, David ONEAL. n.d.

unsourced…  I’m lazy today…

In 1727 James Castellaw went into business with Henry Guston and James Milikin at the confluence of the Cashie and Roanoke Rivers.

and my personal favorite…

December 31-January 7, 1736
 Williamsburg Gazette
By a Letter from Col. James Millikin, in North-Carolina, dated at Roanoak, December the 10th, we have the following Account, That he received a Letter from Mr. Thomas Brown, of the Cutaboes, the chief Trader there, informing him. That on the 9th of October last, Three Indians came to the House of one William Syms, on Pine tree Creek, and (in his Absence) killed his Wife, another Woman, Three Children, and a Negro Man; and then set Fire to the House, Tis suppos’d they carried a White Girl away with them alive, who liv’d at the House, but can’t be found.
They were followed the next Morning by Five White Men, upon the Track, who found they had stopp’d in the Night, near a Place called Mars-Bluff, on Pedee River, where they had shared the Plunder, and left the bloody Cloaths of the murdered People. The Indians bent their Way Northward, which makes it believ’d they were Tuskaroroes. Mr. Brown wrote the above Account to Col. Millikin, at the Request of the Governor of South-Carolina, desiring him to use his Endeavours to apprehend these horrid Murderers

15 October 1732 Edgecombe County, North Carolina deed of William Sims to James Millikin for land on the south side of Quankey Creek [DB 1:20]

On motion of Mr James Millikin in behalf of the Inhabitants of that part of Bertie Precinct that lyes on the South Side of Roanoke River that a bill for an Act to be preferred to this house for Establishing that part into a precinct by the name of Edgcombe also on the Motion of Mr Maurice Moore in behalf of the Inhabitants of Onslow and Bladen that a bill be preferred to confirm them into seperate precincts which Motions are granted.  1735

???  William Syms Edgecombe County 24 Oct 1755
Daughter: Sarah Whooper (plantation lying on Kehukey). Son: William.
Executor: John Whitaker. Witnesses: Thos. Taylor, Mary Tree, Xtr. Haynes.
No probate

Several Sims had land next to James Anderson about 1720ish in Occoneechee Neck… James Millikin’s plantation was just over the Roanoke River… it was noted on the Moseley Map of 1733 along with Barnaby McKinnie.  Many of these guys are mentioned in the Estate files of Milliken along with Joyners (from modern Southampton County- formerly olde Isle of Wight).

This map is focused on a Thomas Boon… which has a particular fascination to me because it is possible he was in NC in 1668. If he was also an Indian Trader (which I suggest) then he was smack dab in the center of the Trade Route between the Occoneechee Neck traders and the Chowan River.  All the Indian Traders, including possibly the Robert Kicks / Arthur Kavenaugh cabal who were centered at modern Emporia, Virginia in the very early 1700s could have “avoided” any Virginia tariffs and such by shipping their “skins” directly out of North Carolina.   I love a good conspiracy!  And just as a reminder, Black Beard the pirate was not put out of commission until 1718.  He was only one of many pirates in the area.  I have proof that Thomas Pollock (war governor of NC in 1711) was engaged in shipping “skins”… it all adds up in my mind.  The Indian skin trade was BIG BUSINESS… they shipped out TONS of the stuff.



So… since we have a couple of die hard Indian Traders from North Carolina leaving their footprints all over South Carolina I figure I may not be totally off base by thinking that a James Anderson from NC may have been doing the same… or perhaps a son?

Here is an obscure reference from the Milliken Estate records of 1738… I can’t figure out (yet) who this “Mr. Anderson” is?


My speculation here may be wrong simply because I am chasing a hunch… nevertheless, it is my observation of other Indian Traders that they often would “team up” and form partnerships… which could be the case here…

This could be Montgomery, Anderson and Jones (Indian Traders)… they appear to bill the “estate” for 16 pounds & change… that wasn’t chump change back in the day and would warrant the trouble.

There was of course a Joseph Anderson and a John Montgomery who were Government types and heavily in the NC records… so I could be just wasting my time… I don’t know?

So I’ve begun sniffing around for a Montgomery or a Smith lead… and up pops a suspicious Montgomery (Montgomery being a name I have not seen in this early 1720s / 30s period). Note that this guy was living in the Bath County area… that is where James Anderson relocated to in one of his later land transactions…

The old man dies 1723 but he leaves 3 sons…

June 29, 1702 – Thomas WORSLEY appoints friend, Levi TRUEWHITT, Bath County,
Power of Attorney, to have use of 640 acres purchased of George MONTGOMERY of
said county.
Wit: William BARROW
Proved at court held at house of Mr. William BARROW, July 7, 1702

July 7, 1702 – George MONTGOMERY, Pamticoe in County of Bath, and Eliz., my wife,
to Thomas WORSLEY of Virginia – rights to entry 640 acres west side of first fork
in Oyster Creek, running up said creek “until his course be completed” said Oyster
Creek in Matchapongo River.
Wit: William BRICE, William BARROW
Acknowledged at court held at house of William BARROW July 7, 1702

Jan. 3, 1702 – Thomas WORSLEY lays 4 rights upon entry made by George MONTGOMERY
Dec. 19, 1701
Frances MARTIN
Eliza. MARTIN, Jun.
Recorded Feb. 10, 1703

George Montgomery; Bath; January 19, 1722-1723; July 2, 1723; Daughter:
Elizabeth; Other legatees: James, Josias and George Montgomery; Executor: Robt.
Turner; Witnesses: Joseph English, Edwd. Dodd, Jno. Brook; Clerk of the Court:
Jno. Baptiste Ashe    Note daughter Elizabeth…

Patrick Maule Bath County 19 Apr 1736


Beaufort Precinct. Wife: Elizabeth (five negroes “to be delivered after the tar kilns are off and the crop finished”; also plantation at Rumney Marsh with a dwelling house to be built “twenty foot long and sixteen foot wide”). Son: John (five negroes, lands at Smiths Point and Blunts Creek and lot in Bath town). Daughters: Sarah (five negroes and land at Tranters Creek), Barbara (four negroes and the land on Matchapungo Swamp), Mary (four negroes and lands on north dividing and Jacks Creeks). Guardians for children: John and William Gray. Executors: John and William Gray, John Caldom and Robert Boyd. Witnesses: Bart. Fleming, Elizabeth Montgomery, Nehemiah Monk. Clerk of the Court: Jno. Collison. Letters issued June, 1736. Probate not dated.

Patrick Maule; Bath; 1736; Elizabeth Montgomery (witness)

The plot thickens…


… a sidetrack… just to make a point about Indian Traders… these guys would travel across state lines in a heartbeat… it amazes me sometimes.  When I first started researching I had the idea in mind that these early settlers might live and die without venturing perhaps 50 miles from where they were born… and it sometimes was the case, say, for simple farmers.  Such was not the case for the Traders… they were a breed of men a bit out of the ordinary.  And when they were old, worn out and writing their wills they might refer to themselves as “planters”… it was not so in their youth.

Indian Traders “got around” so to speak… as an example…Mr. McGinty was of North Carolina…

“The Deposition of Alexander McGinty, of Cumberland County, Indian Trader

“That this Deponent, with six other Traders, vizt., David Hendricks, Jacob Evans, William Powel, Thomas Hyde, and James Lowery, all of the Province of Pennsylvania, and Jabez Evans, of the Province of Virginia, being on their return of trading with the Cuttawas, a nation who live in the Territories of Carolina, where, on the twenty-sixth day of January, last, attacked and taken prisoners by a company of Coghnawagos, or French Praying Indians, from the River Saint Lawrence, being in number seventy (with whom was one white man, called Philip, a Low Dutchman) at a place about twenty-five miles from the Blue Lick Town, and on the south bank of Cantucky River, which empties itself into Allegheny River about two hundred miles below the Lower Shawnee Town; this Deponent and the said six Traders having then with them in goods, skins, and furs, to the value of seven hundred pounds, Pennsylvania money, which were all taken away from them by the said French Indians. That from thence the said Deponent, with the said David Hendricks, Jacob Evans, William Powell, Thomas Hyde, and Jabez Evans (the said James Lowry having made his escape soon after they were taken as aforesaid, and returned into Pennsylvania, as this Deponent hath since heard), were carried by the said Indians to a French Fort on the Miamis or Twightwee River, and from thence to Fort De Troit, and there the said Jacob Evans and Thomas Hyde ( as they informed this Deponent at the said Fort) were sold by the said Indians to Monsieur Celeron, Commandant of that Fort. And this Deponent, with the said David Hendricks and Jabez Evans were carried forward by the Lake Erie to Niagara, and so through Lake Ontario to the City of Mont Real, and there brought before the General of Canada, who said he would have nothing to do with them, for they were the Indians’ prisoners, and at their disposal. That the said Jacob Evans, Thomas Hyde, and William Powel, were also afterwards sent to Montreal, where this Deponent saw the said Jacob Evans and Thomas Hyde in prison, but were sometime after sent away to Old France, as this Deponent was told at Montreal. That the said William Powel was sent to Canessatawba Town, twenty-six miles from Montreal, and this Deponent to a small Indian Town in the neighborhood of Montreal, where he was kept a prisoner by the said Indians who took him, but was sometimes permitted to go to Montreal. “That the Indians of the Town where he was prisoner, near Montreal, told him that there should not be a white man of the English Nation on Ohio before the next Cold, mean the winter, for the land was their Father’s, the French, and no Englishman should remain there. “That in their passage from Fort DeTroit to Niagara, in Match last, they met on Lake Erie seven battoes at one time, and fifteen at another; and afterwards, in their passage from Niagara to Montreal, they saw on Lake Ontario 160 battoes, or upwards; in all which battoes were embarked French soldiers, with arms and ammunition, some of them having twelve, some ten, and some eight men on board.”

Wow… just Wow… a group of 70 Indians grab your happy ass and cart you off to Canada as a prisoner… and you live to tell about it….

Will of Alexander McGinty

In the name of God, amen, I Alexander McGinty of the County & State of No. Carolina, being weak in body but of perfect mind & memory, thanks be given unto God calling into mind the mortality of my body & knowing that it is appointed for men once to die do make & ordain this my last will and testament, that is to say principally & first of all give & _____ _____ my soul unto the hand of Almighty God ___ it and my body ___ to the earth to be buried in a decent Christian burial at the discretion of my Executors nothing doubting but a the general resurrection I shall possess the same again by the mighty hand of God and as touching such worldly estate whereas it hath pleased God to gie me in this life, I give devise & dispose of the same in the following manner & form

Item – I will & bequeath unto my beloved wife the plantation whereon I now live for her life with all my stock of horses, mares, bulls, cows & calves, sheep & hogs, all the household furniture & farming utensils with all the debts ___ ___ ___ I allow her to collect for her own use with what money we have ___ to be at her own disposal – except one hundred dollars to each of my grandchildren viz. Mary Ann McGinty at the discretion of my ___ put to interest … McGinty … Survey of two hundred & seventy two acres until Henry McDowell my grandson is of age.

Item – I will & bequeath to my grandson Abner McGinty two hundred acres of land in three different surveys joining lines with David & John Parks on the waters of Ready Creek & McAlpins Creek, likewise one survey of 86 acres joining James Maxwell & William Johnston on the head waters of McKee …

Item – I will & bequeath to my grandson Henry McDowell McGinty the plantation whereon I now live together with the survey of one hundred & seventy two acre with the survey of seventy acres joining it and joining lines with William Johnston.

Item – I will & bequeath to my grandson Alexander Crawford (sic) my silver watch & he is to pay each of the following legatees one dollar to my grandson James Crawford one dollar, to my granddaughter Mary Ann Johnston one dollar, to my granddaughter Martha Miller one dollar, to my grandson James Finney one dollar.

Item – If any of my four grandchildren viz. Abner McGinty, Henry McDowell McGinty, Sophia McGinty of Mary Ann McGinty dies under age his or her shares to be equally divided among the rest. Further I do constitute & appoint my wife Mary Ann McGinty, James Montgomery, John Gingles to be the true & lawful executors of this my last will & testament, abrogating & disannulling & making void & of none effect every other will & wills of testament or Testaments by me or in my name made done or executed possessing this oath, ratifying allowing & confirming this & this only as my last will & testament, Witness my hand & seal this 2nd day of April 1802.

Signed, published, pronounced and ___ by the said Alexander McGinty as his last will and testament in the presence of each other have hereto subscribed our names.

Alexander McGinty (seal)

Guy Maxwell

Hannah McGinty

(reading his will alone, you wouldn’t have the foggiest idea of his “alter ego”…)


But back to the hunt… and my suspicions about George Montgomery…  This may or may not be the guy from Bath County, NC… but what the heck… its a LEAD to follow…

The Society of Colonial Wars In The State of South Carolina: Winter court held March 2, 1935 at Mansfield Plantation, Georgetown County, South Carolina

… page 4…
…”Though lands might be granted far from Charles Town,
the authorities discouraged settlements at remote distances on
account of danger irom the Indians, and in 1709, much too
late to be effective, the Assembly passed an act, with a penalty
attached, prohibiting settlement north of the Santee, but
the tide could not be stemmed. The first record of a white
man living north of the river is in 1699: in the last month
of that year, Lawson the explorer, slowly pushing his way
up the Santee then in flood, found shelter at night on the
north bank of the river beneath the roof ot Bartholomew
Gaillard, one of the first of the long line ot South Carolinians
of that name. But the next year, the sloop “Rising Sun,”
entering” Winyah Bay and the Sampit found no white settler,
only Indians and league upon league of towering pines with-
out a clearing. But the settlers were not long in coming :
among the lirst to appear armed with land warrants in 1704
were Benjamin Schenckingh, George Montgomery, Patrick
Stewart and Daniel McGregor. In 1705 George Montgomery,
John Abraham Motte, Peter Stewart and John Sauso took
up large tracts on the Santee. The Huguenots were coming
now : in addition to John Abraham Motte, Henry Bruneau,
Michael Pequott, Philip Gendron, Peter and John Gaillard,
and Daniel Huger, the last of whom got a tract from Land-
grave Smith on the Black River. Then John Bell, senior and
junior, and John Lane who is mentioned often in these early
records but whose name hereabouts has long since disappeared.
He was most active in the founding of the Church north of
the Santee, and the names of himself and of his family are
the first recorded in the parish register of Prince George
Church, Winyah. In 1711 a barony on the lower end of
Waccamaw was granted to Landgrave Robert Daniel, which
he immediately transferred to Landgrave Thomas Smith for
a consideration: this is the present beautiful estate, Hobcaw

This is the first phase: the phase of settlement. Hard,
unremitting toil. The small two-room log house in the clear-
ing, the slow pushing back of the forest, unceasing warfare
against the elements, the all-embracing wilderness ; and always
hard, physical toil. No neighbors, no school, no church, no
doctor, no books, no newspapers, no roads. Indians who
might seldom commit acts of violence but who constantly stole
and plundered, and wandering white men who were often as
much to be feared as the redskin. It was the time of the
laying of foundations; better times were coming, but not
yet. It was a hard, crude life. James Truslow Adams says,
“The decade of about 1700 to 1710 marked the lowest period
of English culture reached in America before or since.” It
could not be otherwise : there was neither time nor means
nor opportunity for the arts, for letters, for recreation, for
leisure. In any age where the people are condemned to
poverty, scanty living and hard labor, culture finds no root
and withers away : a fact which we might well ponder seri-
ously in our own day.

How did they live? First, gathering and selling furs
bear, deer, coon: then soon cattle raising was the leading
industry, and very soon naval stores. This latter industrv
has been one of our mainstays for two hundred years and is
today one of the few we have left. Rice was grown in Caro-
lina prior to 1690 and indigo about the same time: both were
admirably adapted to the soil and the climate and soon became
staple crops and immensely profitable. Tn the course of time
the production and sale of these two commodities became the
basis of our economic and social development in the decades
that followed. Rice culture required slave labor and much of
it : as Georgetown county became the leading rice producing
section on this coast, so it was one of the largest of the slave
holding settlements The eiYect is still with us. as the census
shows exactly two negroes to every white person in the county,
and on this immediate coastal belt the proportion is probable-
four to one. With the development of money crops and slave
labor there came civilization, better homes, and a slow build-
ing up of culture. “

I suspect the author’s motivation was to chronicle some early settlers… I doubt if he was looking for possible Indian Traders looking to establish a “trading post”… just sayin’.

This area of South Carolina is a later time period than the 1730s or so I am discussing… but this is a go – to map I invariably check when sniffing out Traders… the area of Saxe Gotha was a prime location for them to hook up with other traders or just load up supplies, perhaps take a breather… Indians would also trek to the area themselves… it could be big events with much aplomb and hoopla. In any event… many of these names can be associated with North Carolina folks also…

_saxe gotha map_james

Written by anderson1951

January 26, 2014 at 8:43 am

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