Andersons of Colonial N. Carolina

meant what they said, said what they meant

Carolus Anderson and William Boon

leave a comment »

William Boon Senior: “That is a nice Virginia grant you got there son but unfortunately your grant is on my property”.

Carolus Anderson: “Well hell! Mr. Boon… uh… can we work something out?”

Notice where their property was on the VA / NC bounday line and Meherrin River.  Remember that VA and NC had been feuding for years over the boundary line… hell, Virginia insisted the actual NC boundary ended at Wiccacon Creek in NC.  The pervert William Byrd II surveyed the boundary in 1728 which finally settled the matter… insulting Carolus in his “secret” book about the “Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and NC”.

Unfortunately William Boon had held his patent since 1720 (quite likely earlier; he also had property near the Roanoke River as early as 1712).  So the hapless Carolus Anderson found hisself in a pickle with his 1726 Virginia patent.

Carolus Map

They obviously worked out the problem… and were seemingly lifetime friends.

William Boon to Carolus Anderson, May 13, 1728 , ” for and in Consideration of a full and Valuable Consideration in money to me in hand already paid by Carolus Anderson” 200 A part of 423 Ac tract granted to Boon Dec. 3, 1720, on Meherrin River, “Beginning at a hickory tree upon the Great gutt thence running by line of marked trees adjoyning to Jos Boon to the river so down the river to the Country line and along the Country line to the river agin thence down the river to the Great Gutt begun upon and up to the beginning place” Willm (X) Boon Wits: Richard(R) Bayley, Natha Cooper Bertie prect., May Court

My reading of the above sale is essentially a re-write of the Virginia patent… Wm Boon “made him whole” as a lawyer would say.  New to me is that Joseph Boon had the property below Carolus ‘adjoyning’ to Jos Boon who apparently obtained it from William Boon Senior.

D 320 [Bell]  Joseph Boon to Carowlus Anderson, Aug 10, 1736. 5 pds. for 50 A. On Mehron River at the Great Gutt.  Being part of a patent formerly granted to William Boon for 423 A. dated Dec. 3, 1720. …

An aside… I find the term “country line” in many of these patents… I find it nostalgic that they thought of their colony as their country.  Thomas Jefferson referred to Virginia as “his Country”. Perhaps Robert E. Lee thought likewise.  Also I think the “Great Gutt” refers to the “hump” that the Meherrin River takes at that point where it swoops into Virginia.

Chowan Co., NC Deed Book C #1
pg. 137, James BOON of Albemarle Co. and Elizabeth, my wife, to William BOON of Albemarle Co., 15 July 1721, 20 pounds, 600 acres on the south side of Meherrin River, joining William BOON, meadow branch, John PACE and BRASWELL, all Houses, Orchards, etc., now in the Actuall possession of William BOON, as by Pattent to me 5 Apr. 1720. Wit.: Robert HICKS. Ack. 2 Aug. 1721 by Robert HICKS before me Fred JONES, Ch. Just. Reg. 16 7ber 1721.

Also within walking distance was Elias Fort and wife Ealen (Ellen in my opinion). He never received a grant that I can find but is shown in several land transactions buying and selling (he finally sold out around 1739 or so and moved to Edgecombe County).  This couple signed the will of Carolus’s mother in 1733.  Interesting to me is that Elias hailed from an area in Virginia known as Seacock Swamp where his father George Fort had property.  On a map, Seacock Swamp is across the Blackwater River a few miles westerly from where Thomas Boon (noted as ‘a Virginian’ in NC) had property in Isle of Wight. Coincidentally, a George Anderson also had property a mile or 3 from Thomas Boon in Isle of Wight.  My theory is that George Anderson may be the father of Carolus.

From the will of George Fort in North Carolina:

Signed Sealed and Delivered

In the presence of

William (X) Boon                                     George (GF) ffort

Niccolis (N) Boon


G Fort Sigs


Note the witnesses to the Carolus Anderson will of 1752… these guys signed their names:

Witness my hand and Seal this 10th day of February 1752

Sign’d Seal’d and acknowledg’d

to be the Last Will & Testam’t

of Carolus Anderson in presence of                                  Carolus  CA  Anderson  his mark/seal

Nicholus Boon

William Boon        Jurant

C And _Sigs


William Boon senior died intestate… no will… no inventory… a mystery.


As I try to sort through the land dealings of Carolus, he appears to have had considerably more holdings than I realized.  He also appears to have stayed near his original patent (with additions).

D 320 [Bell] Joseph Boon to Carowlus Anderson, Aug 10, 1736. 5 pds. for 50 A. On Mehron River at the Great Gutt. Being part of a patent formerly granted to William Boon for 423 A. dated Dec. 3, 1720. …

Oct. 16, 1739 John Bryant to Carolus Anderson, for 5 pds., 100 A part of tract sold by William Bennet to Thomas Boon, Jun. and by Boon transferred to John Bryant, deed dated Nov. 9, 1724., Part of a patent for 600 AC granted William Bennett, dated 1723-land on S/S Meherrin River adj. John Nelson, William Boon. Wit: John Briant, John Deberry, Sarah Revett. May crt, 1740

Then this 460ac chunk…

May 27, 1745 William Baker of Nans. Co., Va. to Carolus Anderson of N/H Co, NC 10 pds. of Va. currency, 460 A S/S Meh. Riv., N/S Little Swamp, Adj. Thomas Liles, part of patent to John Nelson for 500 A Apr 1, 1723 Wit: Arthur Whitehead, John Anderson    (this property was mentioned in his will)

Note that John Anderson is a witness… who is he?  A few weeks before that May 27th deed, John Anderson also witnessed another transaction by Carolus:

May 3, 1745, Carolus Anderson to William Andrews for 6 pds cur. money, 150 a N/H Co Wit: Robert Warren,John Anderson      (N/H Co, NC Deeds (Margaret M. Hofmann)

From the dates, I am beginning to realize that a John Anderson may have been around Carolus for a number of years… was Carolus his uncle?

Bertie Deed E-179 Benjamin Foreman of Edg precinct to Marmaduke Norfleet of Perq. precinct 7 Aug 1737 7 pds 100 ac on north side Moratuck adj George Williams, part of pat of 500 ac formerly granted 1 Mch 1721. Wit. John Anderson, John Hine, Joseph Wall.

Bertie Deed E-383 Benjamin Foreman to Thomas Andrews 3 Feb 1738 40 pds 720 ac part of 2 pats, one dated. 1 Apr 1718, the other dated 1 Mch 1721, land at low grounds of the river adj Richard Melton, George Williams, Part of pat for 500 ac excepting 10 0 ac sold to Marmaduke Norfleet. Wit. John Anderson, Samuel Caner Senr & Junr.

The majority of the people involved in these land deals had property in Meherrin Woods and the Roanoke River (aka, Morratock, etc)…

Since the only son of Carolus died at a young age, I suspect that the John Anderson above may have been the son of his brother James Anderson.

This is what I am thinking…


The earliest record I find for a John Anderson in this area is this…

B 144 JOHN BROWN & WIFE MARY TO WILLIAM STRICKLAND May 9, 1726. 20 pds. for 100 A. On SS Morrattock River at BROWN’s Spring Gutt. Wit BARN MACKINNE, JOHN ANDERSON. May Court 1726. ROBERT FORSTER C/C

James Anderson of the modern Roanoke River (then called the Moratock… various spellings) first showed up in 1716 with a patent… if this John Anderson above was of an age to witness a deed transaction then he was of a birth age of .. say, 1710ish…   making the birth of his “possible” father (James)… say, 1690ish……….. the numbers work in my opinion.  The mother of James died 1733 so her birth…. again I am theorizing… if her son James was born 1690ish… her birth seems like 1670ish.  Again… the numbers work.   This is why I place James as the firstborn child.

To parlay (a little lawyer’s lingo there)…  this THEORY into a connection to George Anderson of Isle of Wight… George obtained his patent in 1695… perhaps being born around 1670ish… of an age to be the husband of Elizabeth Anderson d.1733.  George sold his property in Isle of Wight in 1710 and simply disappeared.



The William Anderson I note above is my “direct” line.   Most of this blog is devoted to finding his father. A recent clue that I have found is here:


The brother of Carolus was James Anderson.

Numerous researchers think the below James Anderson was his father.  I disagree. I speculate he was the brother of Carolus and it is where George Anderson may have wound up after leaving Isle of Wight in 1710… along with Elizabeth, his wife who left her will in 1733 in Bertie Co (probably living with Carolus at Meherrin River)… Carolus would have been in tow with his father and older brother James. (This is all theory).  I speculate George died around this time… before James got his grant at  “Moratock River” in 1716. (see all my voluminous speculation about James Anderson all over my blog).

[I have never laid out this theory so completely as now… after 16 years of research it still intimidates me… so many cracks and crevices… but it is “plausible”… even with the faults…  I don’t know.]

pg. 145, James ANDERSON of Chowan Prect. to Robert SIMS of the Prect. afrsd. 11 Nov. 1720, 20 pounds sterling, 100 acres on a Cypress Swamp that makes into Morattock river, joining William BOON, the Cypress Swamp, a Gum Pond and James ANDERSON’s fence, part of a Pattent to William BRASSWELL dated 4 Mar. 1711/12. Wit.: Henry SIMS (his mark), Henry WHEELER. Ack. 5 7ber 1721 by Henry SIMS before me Fred JONES, Ch. Just. Reg. 17 Sept. 1721.

pg. 147, William BOON of Albemarle Co. and Elizabeth BOON to Henry SIMS of Albemarle Co., 2 Sept. 1721, 15 pounds current money, 200 acres more or less, joining the Beaver dam branch, William POWELL, William BRASSWELL and John PACE, now in the actuall possession of Henry SIMS, part of a patttent for 600 acres granted to William BOON, 11 Nov. 1720. Wit.: Nicholas BOON (N his mark), Joseph BOON (his mark). Ack. 5 Sept. 1721 by John BRYAN, by Vertue of a power of Attorney from William and Elizabeth BOON, before me Fred. JONES, Ch. Just. Reg. 17 Sept. 1721.

pg. 176, James ANDERSON of Chowan Prect. and Elizabeth, my wife, to Joseph SIMS of Chowan Prect., 12 Nov. 1720, 24 pounds sterling, 100 acres on the Cypress Swamp that makes out of Morattoke River, joining Robert SIMS, the swamp and a Wett Slash, part of a pattent to William BRASSWELL 4 Mar. 1711/12. Wit.: Matt RUSSIAN, William MURPHEY. Ack. 5 Sept. 1721 by Henry SIMS before me F. JONES, Ch. Just. Reg. 3 8ber 1721.

Note that a William Sims had property on “Little Swamp” near these Boons and Carolus near the Meherrin River.  All the references to James Anderson above are near the Roanokee River. He had property there as early as 1716.  His wife was named Elizabeth but her “mark” was an “S” whereas the Elizabeth Anderson who died in 1733 signed with a a different “mark”.  This James simply disappeared around 1727 or so.

But as my friend Traci the Librarian says… “things just can’t be simple can they”?   Here is my counter theory to the mysterious father of Carolus Anderson:

At this website can be found a James Anderson who is “assumed” to die in 1694 or so:

“Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume XVII, Number 3 (01 JUL 1979)
p. 160 I, Mary Thweatt, wife of James Thweatt of Bristol Parish, Charles City County, appoint JAMES ANDERSON, my lawful attorney to my right of dower in lands sold by James Thweatt and Henry Batte to Randall Mattock. 3 June 1693.
Wit. Henry Batte
Sam’ll Oulton Mary (M) Thweatt
Recorded 5 June 1693
p. 160 Indenture 3 June 1693 between Henry Batt and James Thweatt of Bristol Parish, Charles City County, to Robert Birchett of Westover Parish, Charles City County, for £20, one parcel of land now in occupation of Robert Birchett, being 303 acres in Westover Parish upon a branch called Blands Swamp and crossing the Blackwater Road, due by patent granted to said Batte and Thweatt.
Wit. Samuel Oulton
Recorded 5 June 1693 Henry Batte
James Thweatt
The wife of Henry Batte and Mary, the wife of James Thweatt, by JAMES ANDERSON her attorney, relinquishes rights of dower.

Carolus had an only son who died young…  but his daughter married a Judkins:
1672 Samuel Judkins of Surry County, Virginia, his wife Lydia (Gray) (Judkins) Pittman, and his descendants (2000)

The Judkins Journal , Volume 9/1, included the following transcription of the will of Nicholas Judkins probated on February 22, 1783, at Northampton County, North Carolina, W.B.

pg. 359

“Whereas I Nicholas Judkins of Northampton County being weak
of body do make this Writing in manner and form following as
and for my last Will and Testament (to wit)

Item I give and bequeath to my son James Judkins One
certain Plantation Tract or parcel of Land Containing by
estimation One Hundred acres it being the Plantation whereon
Carolus Anderson formerly lived Also One Feather Bed and
furniture to him and to his heirs and assigns forever

Item I give and bequeath to my sons John Judkins and Joel
Judkins to be equaly divided between them One certain
plantation Tract or parcel of Land containing by estimation
three hundred Acres, which I bought of John Long and Joseph
Stickland Also One Still, to them and to their heirs and
assigns forever. Also I give to my sd son John one feather
Bed and furniture. Also I give to my sd son Joel Judkins
One Feather Bed and furniture

Item I give and bequeath to my son Carolus Judkins one
certain plantation Tract or parcel of Land containing by
estimation Fifty Acres bounded and described by a deed of
conveyance from William Boon to Carolus Anderson dated the
13th day of May 1728 Also One feather Bed and furniture, to
him and to his heirs and assigns for ever

Item I give and bequeath to my son Jesse Judkins One
certain Plantation Tract or parcel of Land Containing by
estimation Two hundred and fifty acres it lying and being on
Kirby’s Creek Also One feather Bed and furniture to him and
to his heirs and assigns forever.

Item I Give and bequeath to my daughter Faith Judkins Sixty
Pounds hard money Also one Feather Bed and furniture to her
and to her heirs and assigns forever

Item My will and desire is that all my Horses except my
Stallion should be equally divided between my Sons John,
Joel, Carolus, and Jesse.

Item Provided allways and it is my Will and desire that if
any of my children should die without Issue of their own
Body, what I have above bequeathed to them may return into
my Estate.

Item As to the Negroes heretofore deemed my property I
think proper in this my last Will to declare that I claim
them not as any part of my estate; but desire that they may
if permitted enjoy their just right of freedom.

Item All the remainder of my estate of all kind I desire
may be equaly divided between all my children

Item I Lend all my estate of all kinds to my loving wife
Mary Judkins for and during her natural life.

Item I Lend to my son Jesse Judkins one negro boy named Sam
untill he arrive to the age of Twenty one years.

Item I lend to my daughter Faith Judkins one negro Girl
named Grace untill she arrive to the age of Eighteen years

Item I do Constitute and appoint my Friends John Knox and
Richard Jordan to Execute this my last Will and Testament.
Witness my Hand and Seal this 22 of the 2nd Month 1783 (his
mark & seal Nicholas Judkins Signed Sealed in presence of
Jesse Vick, Abraham Stevenson, and (his mark) Joseph

In America Since 1607 included the following statement by James Judkins of Mt . Pleasant, Ohio, dated in 1820:

“I have understood that my great grandfather and one of his
brothers came from some part of England or Wales to America
some 130 or 140 years ago, about 1680, and settled near the
line between Sussex and Surry counties in the State of Va
and upon Black Water River. I think his name was John
Judkins. My grandfather, whose name was Robert Judkins,
lived and died there. I never saw him, though I have been
there while grandmother lived. My father Nicholas Judkins
was born in the year 1724. After he became man’s age, he
worked considerably about being a carpenter by trade. About
the 30th year of his age he married Mary Anderson, daughter
of Carolus Anderson. Whether Carolus Anderson was from
Scotland or whether he had parents in America, I have not
learned, having never heard of any other of the family in
this country. I think there was none. My mother had two
sisters, and one brother who died young in life. One of my
aunts removed about the year 1770 to New River, Onslow
county, in the State of NC where I expect these Edwards are
living still, or their descendants are. A few years after,
my uncle Warren moved to Burke County on the Ogeeche River
in the state of Georgia, except my aunt who died on the way.
As I said, my father married Mary Anderson, I suppose about


the year 1755 and settled on the Maheron river in
Northampton county in the state of NC. They had two
children Robert and Sarah who both died before I was born.
After they were married, notwithstanding they lived remote
from Friends meeting, yet they became convinced of the
principles of Friends and lived and died respectable members
of the Friends society. My parents had eight children, the
two above named and John, Jesse, Myself, Joel, Faith and
Carolus . My two brothers John and Jesse died about their
22nd year of age. My father died on the 2 5th day of the 3rd
month, 1783, and mother died the 29th day of the 12th month,
1789, each of them about sixty years of age, and were buried
in the old burying-ground where Grandfather Anderson and
family were buried. My father never enjoyed good health
much of his time while I knew him. It was different with my
mother, who enjoyed good health generally, as the climate of
her birth place agreed well with her. I was born, according
to accounts, on the 8th day of the fourth month, 1760, and
lived fourteen years with my parents, during which time I
had but little good health. I had the fever and ague
considerable of the time. After this time, I went to a
trade (Hatting) with Sampson Stanton, in Southampton County,
Virginia – a very healthful place. At this time I was a
very curious looking person. I was very poor, my neck veins
large, and a large chest. I continued so the best part of a
year, after which I became more healthy; the ague cake in my
side quite disappeared.

While I was an apprentice, I became acquainted with your
mother, about nine or ten years old. She was living with
her grandfather on the same plantation; we were sometimes
playmates. After serving out my apprenticeship, I returned
home and set up for myself. On the 19th day of the 10th
month, 1783, I was married to Martha Stanton, her mother
having been dead nearly eighteen years. My wife’s mother’s
maiden name was Thweart , of a respectable family in
Virginia. Our children were seven in number, viz: John,
Mary, William, James, Stanton, Anderson and Martha Judkins,
all of whom I have raised, educated and lived to see
married. Your mother, from my first acquaintance with her,
enjoyed very good health, and for a few years before her
death she became quite fleshy, so much so that she could not
wear some of her clothes which she had a year or two back.
She was of a very industrious and saving disposition. In
the winter of 1797, in the time of a very deep snow, she was
out where we were taking care of some lambs, and took a
severe cold, which continued to increase as long as she
lived, having settled in consumption. I had all done that


could be done, without moving the complaint. (My mother was
of a Strumous diathasis, WJ) . On the night of the 8th day
of the 10th month, 1799, in the evening she was where the
girls were milking the cows in the yard, giving some
directions about her business, after which she came in – I
thought as well as she had been for some time past. I went
out where we had some corn to husk in the field, and there
had a number of negroes collected for that purpose. They
were very noisy, as in common there. We got done about ten
o’clock at night. I went to the house alone, there being no
white person but myself there. She would have me eat
something, after which I went to bed, and she put Martha,
the babe, by me. The family went up to bed, and she soon
got ready and came and lay down, but directly took a violent
cough – I thought more than common. She spoke to me, I rose
up; the cough continued, with a discharge of blood so
profuse as to come very near strangling her, which
continued, say a minute or two. I think she discharged a
pint at least of blood. After it subsided, she was very
much exhausted. I did not think it safe to leave her that
night; she needed my attention throughout the night, though
never after discharged as much blood at a time. She was
never able to be about after this night. She was very
sensible of her approaching dissolution, and gave me some
very tender and affectionate advice, and was resigned to her
fate. She continued to grow weaker every day, until about
six o’clock in the evening of the 14th, found she was going.
I left the room – she called me. I stepped to her bedside;
she raised up and took my hand, expressed some tender
sentiments, and quietly passed away. She was born on the
22nd day of the 2nd month, 1765. We were married on the
19th day of the 10th month, 1783, and she departed this life
on the 14th day of the 10th month, 1799, aged 34 years, 7
months, and 8 days. She was buried in Friends’ Burying
Ground at Richsquare, in Northampton County, North Carolina.

Being left alone with a family of little children, I found I
must either break up housekeeping or get some help to raise
them, and being acquainted for a considerable time with the
family of Jacob Parker on Bear Swamp near Richsquare
meeting. I married his daughter Abigail on the 21st day of
the 1st month, 1801. She was born the 22nd day of the 2nd
month 1776, just eleven years younger than your mother, and
who, after meriting the name of an affectionate wife, a good
step-mother, etc. departed this life the 1st day of the 8th
month, 1821, aged 45 years, 5 months and 9 days, leaving me
five children, viz: Sarah, Anna, Robert, Jesse and Parker


Judkins, and I am yet spared to experience more of the cares
and trials incident to our nature. What is to become of me
and my charge I cannot see, though I have the consolation to
think that after raising so many children, they, while young
and able, will pay all necessary attention. I removed from
Meherin River in the year 1800 to near Richsquare meeting,
and in the spring of 1806 came here.

Mount Pleasant,
Jefferson County, Ohio,
(signed) James Judkins.

Another Judkins book…

A deceased genealogist I would have loved to have corresponded with was Claiborne T. Smith, Jr. My friend David Gammon studied with Mr. Smith… he had high praise for him and I respect Mr. Gammon. Mr. Smith’s middle name was “Thweatt”.

Mr. Smith got stumped… his account of his ancestors is here:

“Of the daughters of James (3), (James(2), James(1)) and Anne
Thweatt, the descendants of Agnes Hardaway, Frances(4) Harrison,
and Elizabeth Stanton are unusual In their use of the Thweatt
and Peterson names. The name Batte also appears. In the
opinion of some researchers, the mother of Anne, and the wife of
John Peterson, d. 1731 was a member of the Batte family who is as
yet unidentified. Christian(4) and Martha(4), daughters of James(3)
Thweatt are unaccounted For.”

Note the name Stanton. And the name Batte.

Now see this page:

“Undoubtedly Matthew2 Sturdivant also had daughters whose births would fill the gap between the ages of his sons, but they are unknown.

The wife of Matthew2 Sturdivant may have been an Anderson since the name appears as the middle name of his son John and also appears as a grandson of Matthew3 Sturdivant.

Matthew Sturdivant may have been named for his mother’s half brother Matthew Price.
Charles City County Virginia Court Records—-1693.”

The James Anderson that I chronicle in NC in 1716 is still unexplained.  With that being said, this is the most logical theory I have that the James Anderson of Roanoke River may be the above mentioned person from Prince George County Virginia.  This could have him as the husband of the mother of Carolus Anderson.  

Two theories… each inconclusive.


Additional input for fanatical researchers such as myself… please re-read the beginning of this Post where I mention one Joseph Boon.  I have finally obtained his will of 1728.

Boon will 1728

I find this fascinating not only for my personal ANDERSON quest but for any BOON researchers.  I could simply make a list of questions????

Firstly, (in my opinion of course), the Thomas Boon who witnessed this will is none other than the “Virginian” (son-in-law of Mathew Strickland)  … I proclaim that because of his signature …a T with a B on the stem. See others of my Posts and Pages.

Since this Joseph Boon also had a daughter named Mary… and Carolus Anderson married a “Mary”.. then here yet is another possible Father-in-law???

This will makes it obvious that this Joseph Boon DID in fact own other land near Occoneechi Neck “at Roanok” near the land of James Anderson (who I suspect was the brother of Carolus Anderson).

This Joseph Boon of NC, and Thomas Boon of Virginia each named a son Ratliff.  What is the history of this coincidence?

…maddening…. this is why I drink….

Written by anderson1951

August 13, 2016 at 7:39 pm

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: