Andersons of Colonial N. Carolina

meant what they said, said what they meant

scratching my head over Carolus Anderson… again…

with 4 comments

The best source of info about him is here:

The author is deceased sadly… I would have loved to share notes and theories.

Just when I am ready to give up and leave any trails to newer researchers, a pesky little clue pops up and I simply can’t leave it alone… it just festers in my head… the “genealogy disease” I suppose.  There are many folks suffering from the illness and this is directed to them (you, since you are reading this, I say smiling).  Carolus had an only son who died young… end of the line you think? No, he had a brother who may have left descendants. That is my obsession.  Who was his father?
1672 Samuel Judkins of Surry County, Virginia, his wife Lydia (Gray) (Judkins) Pittman, and his descendants (2000)

The Judkins Journal , Volume 9/1, included the following transcription of the will of Nicholas Judkins probated on February 22, 1783, at Northampton County, North Carolina, W.B.

pg. 359

“Whereas I Nicholas Judkins of Northampton County being weak
of body do make this Writing in manner and form following as
and for my last Will and Testament (to wit)

Item I give and bequeath to my son James Judkins One
certain Plantation Tract or parcel of Land Containing by
estimation One Hundred acres it being the Plantation whereon
Carolus Anderson formerly lived Also One Feather Bed and
furniture to him and to his heirs and assigns forever

Item I give and bequeath to my sons John Judkins and Joel
Judkins to be equaly divided between them One certain
plantation Tract or parcel of Land containing by estimation
three hundred Acres, which I bought of John Long and Joseph
Stickland Also One Still, to them and to their heirs and
assigns forever. Also I give to my sd son John one feather
Bed and furniture. Also I give to my sd son Joel Judkins
One Feather Bed and furniture

Item I give and bequeath to my son Carolus Judkins one
certain plantation Tract or parcel of Land containing by
estimation Fifty Acres bounded and described by a deed of
conveyance from William Boon to Carolus Anderson dated the
13th day of May 1728 Also One feather Bed and furniture, to
him and to his heirs and assigns for ever

Item I give and bequeath to my son Jesse Judkins One
certain Plantation Tract or parcel of Land Containing by
estimation Two hundred and fifty acres it lying and being on
Kirby’s Creek Also One feather Bed and furniture to him and
to his heirs and assigns forever.

Item I Give and bequeath to my daughter Faith Judkins Sixty
Pounds hard money Also one Feather Bed and furniture to her
and to her heirs and assigns forever

Item My will and desire is that all my Horses except my
Stallion should be equally divided between my Sons John,
Joel, Carolus, and Jesse.

Item Provided allways and it is my Will and desire that if
any of my children should die without Issue of their own
Body, what I have above bequeathed to them may return into
my Estate.

Item As to the Negroes heretofore deemed my property I
think proper in this my last Will to declare that I claim
them not as any part of my estate; but desire that they may
if permitted enjoy their just right of freedom.

Item All the remainder of my estate of all kind I desire
may be equaly divided between all my children

Item I Lend all my estate of all kinds to my loving wife
Mary Judkins for and during her natural life.

Item I Lend to my son Jesse Judkins one negro boy named Sam
untill he arrive to the age of Twenty one years.

Item I lend to my daughter Faith Judkins one negro Girl
named Grace untill she arrive to the age of Eighteen years

Item I do Constitute and appoint my Friends John Knox and
Richard Jordan to Execute this my last Will and Testament.
Witness my Hand and Seal this 22 of the 2nd Month 1783 (his
mark & seal Nicholas Judkins Signed Sealed in presence of
Jesse Vick, Abraham Stevenson, and (his mark) Joseph

In America Since 1607 included the following statement by James Judkins of Mt . Pleasant, Ohio, dated in 1820:

“I have understood that my great grandfather and one of his
brothers came from some part of England or Wales to America
some 130 or 140 years ago, about 1680, and settled near the
line between Sussex and Surry counties in the State of Va
and upon Black Water River. I think his name was John
Judkins. My grandfather, whose name was Robert Judkins,
lived and died there. I never saw him, though I have been
there while grandmother lived. My father Nicholas Judkins
was born in the year 1724. After he became man’s age, he
worked considerably about being a carpenter by trade. About
the 30th year of his age he married Mary Anderson, daughter
of Carolus Anderson. Whether Carolus Anderson was from
Scotland or whether he had parents in America, I have not
learned, having never heard of any other of the family in
this country. I think there was none. My mother had two
sisters, and one brother who died young in life. One of my
aunts removed about the year 1770 to New River, Onslow
county, in the State of NC where I expect these Edwards are
living still, or their descendants are. A few years after,
my uncle Warren moved to Burke County on the Ogeeche River
in the state of Georgia, except my aunt who died on the way.
As I said, my father married Mary Anderson, I suppose about


the year 1755 and settled on the Maheron river in
Northampton county in the state of NC. They had two
children Robert and Sarah who both died before I was born.
After they were married, notwithstanding they lived remote
from Friends meeting, yet they became convinced of the
principles of Friends and lived and died respectable members
of the Friends society. My parents had eight children, the
two above named and John, Jesse, Myself, Joel, Faith and
Carolus . My two brothers John and Jesse died about their
22nd year of age. My father died on the 2 5th day of the 3rd
month, 1783, and mother died the 29th day of the 12th month,
1789, each of them about sixty years of age, and were buried
in the old burying-ground where Grandfather Anderson and
family were buried. My father never enjoyed good health
much of his time while I knew him. It was different with my
mother, who enjoyed good health generally, as the climate of
her birth place agreed well with her. I was born, according
to accounts, on the 8th day of the fourth month, 1760, and
lived fourteen years with my parents, during which time I
had but little good health. I had the fever and ague
considerable of the time. After this time, I went to a
trade (Hatting) with Sampson Stanton, in Southampton County,
Virginia – a very healthful place. At this time I was a
very curious looking person. I was very poor, my neck veins
large, and a large chest. I continued so the best part of a
year, after which I became more healthy; the ague cake in my
side quite disappeared.

While I was an apprentice, I became acquainted with your
mother, about nine or ten years old. She was living with
her grandfather on the same plantation; we were sometimes
playmates. After serving out my apprenticeship, I returned
home and set up for myself. On the 19th day of the 10th
month, 1783, I was married to Martha Stanton, her mother
having been dead nearly eighteen years. My wife’s mother’s
maiden name was Thweart , of a respectable family in
Virginia. Our children were seven in number, viz: John,
Mary, William, James, Stanton, Anderson and Martha Judkins,
all of whom I have raised, educated and lived to see
married. Your mother, from my first acquaintance with her,
enjoyed very good health, and for a few years before her
death she became quite fleshy, so much so that she could not
wear some of her clothes which she had a year or two back.
She was of a very industrious and saving disposition. In
the winter of 1797, in the time of a very deep snow, she was
out where we were taking care of some lambs, and took a
severe cold, which continued to increase as long as she
lived, having settled in consumption. I had all done that


could be done, without moving the complaint. (My mother was
of a Strumous diathasis, WJ) . On the night of the 8th day
of the 10th month, 1799, in the evening she was where the
girls were milking the cows in the yard, giving some
directions about her business, after which she came in – I
thought as well as she had been for some time past. I went
out where we had some corn to husk in the field, and there
had a number of negroes collected for that purpose. They
were very noisy, as in common there. We got done about ten
o’clock at night. I went to the house alone, there being no
white person but myself there. She would have me eat
something, after which I went to bed, and she put Martha,
the babe, by me. The family went up to bed, and she soon
got ready and came and lay down, but directly took a violent
cough – I thought more than common. She spoke to me, I rose
up; the cough continued, with a discharge of blood so
profuse as to come very near strangling her, which
continued, say a minute or two. I think she discharged a
pint at least of blood. After it subsided, she was very
much exhausted. I did not think it safe to leave her that
night; she needed my attention throughout the night, though
never after discharged as much blood at a time. She was
never able to be about after this night. She was very
sensible of her approaching dissolution, and gave me some
very tender and affectionate advice, and was resigned to her
fate. She continued to grow weaker every day, until about
six o’clock in the evening of the 14th, found she was going.
I left the room – she called me. I stepped to her bedside;
she raised up and took my hand, expressed some tender
sentiments, and quietly passed away. She was born on the
22nd day of the 2nd month, 1765. We were married on the
19th day of the 10th month, 1783, and she departed this life
on the 14th day of the 10th month, 1799, aged 34 years, 7
months, and 8 days. She was buried in Friends’ Burying
Ground at Richsquare, in Northampton County, North Carolina.

Being left alone with a family of little children, I found I
must either break up housekeeping or get some help to raise
them, and being acquainted for a considerable time with the
family of Jacob Parker on Bear Swamp near Richsquare
meeting. I married his daughter Abigail on the 21st day of
the 1st month, 1801. She was born the 22nd day of the 2nd
month 1776, just eleven years younger than your mother, and
who, after meriting the name of an affectionate wife, a good
step-mother, etc. departed this life the 1st day of the 8th
month, 1821, aged 45 years, 5 months and 9 days, leaving me
five children, viz: Sarah, Anna, Robert, Jesse and Parker


Judkins, and I am yet spared to experience more of the cares
and trials incident to our nature. What is to become of me
and my charge I cannot see, though I have the consolation to
think that after raising so many children, they, while young
and able, will pay all necessary attention. I removed from
Meherin River in the year 1800 to near Richsquare meeting,
and in the spring of 1806 came here.

Mount Pleasant,
Jefferson County, Ohio,
(signed) James Judkins.


You pretty much have to be a serious researcher to deal with this clue… ” My wife’s mother’s maiden name was Thweart , of a respectable family in Virginia.”  The correct spelling has to be Thweatt. No “r”.

I do not have the answer if you ask me to explain why a Tweatt is connected to Carolus Anderson. It is simply a “hunch”.  But if you connect a clue to another clue you can arrive at a fact. Facts will give you the truth and a genealogy can result. There was a James Anderson connected to James Thweatt of Virginia.  Was that James the father of Carolus… I don’t know.

Another deceased genealogist I would have loved to have corresponded with was Claiborne T. Smith, Jr.  My friend David Gammon studied with Mr. Smith… he had high praise for him and I respect Mr. Gammon. Mr. Smith’s middle name was “Thweatt”.

Mr. Smith got stumped…  his account of his ancestors is here:

“Of the daughters of James (3), (James(2), James(1)) and Anne
Thweatt, the descendants of Agnes Hardaway, Frances(4) Harrison,
and Elizabeth Stanton are unusual In their use of the Thweatt
and Peterson names. The name Batte also appears. In the
opinion of some researchers, the mother of Anne, and the wife of
John Peterson, d. 1731 was a member of the Batte family who is as
yet unidentified. Christian(4) and Martha(4), daughters of James(3)
Thweatt are unaccounted For.”

Note the name Stanton.  And the name Batte.

Now see this page:

“Undoubtedly Matthew2 Sturdivant also had daughters whose births would fill the gap between the ages of his sons, but they are unknown.

The wife of Matthew2 Sturdivant may have been an Anderson since the name appears as the middle name of his son John and also appears as a grandson of Matthew3 Sturdivant.

Matthew Sturdivant may have been named for his mother’s half brother Matthew Price.
Charles City County Virginia Court Records—-1693.”

The James Anderson that I chronicle in NC in 1716 is still unexplained.


At this website can be found a James Anderson who is “assumed” to die in 1694 or so:

“Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume XVII, Number 3 (01 JUL 1979)
p. 160 I, Mary Thweatt, wife of James Thweatt of Bristol Parish, Charles City County, appoint JAMES ANDERSON, my lawful attorney to my right of dower in lands sold by James Thweatt and Henry Batte to Randall Mattock. 3 June 1693.
Wit. Henry Batte
Sam’ll Oulton Mary (M) Thweatt
Recorded 5 June 1693
p. 160 Indenture 3 June 1693 between Henry Batt and James Thweatt of Bristol Parish, Charles City County, to Robert Birchett of Westover Parish, Charles City County, for £20, one parcel of land now in occupation of Robert Birchett, being 303 acres in Westover Parish upon a branch called Blands Swamp and crossing the Blackwater Road, due by patent granted to said Batte and Thweatt.
Wit. Samuel Oulton
Recorded 5 June 1693 Henry Batte
James Thweatt
The wife of Henry Batte and Mary, the wife of James Thweatt, by JAMES ANDERSON her attorney, relinquishes rights of dower.

Thomas Anderson, along with James Anderson, recording their livestock earmarks in Charles City County on 04/13/1693. Thomas Anderson, “Cropp and upper hole in ye right, and upper Hole in ye left”; and James Anderson, “The same only an under hool on the left”. Thomas lived 7 miles east along Old Towne Run and is of no established relationship but is of age to be a first cousin.”


This has always driven my genealogy radar nuts!



Written by anderson1951

August 16, 2014 at 8:28 am

4 Responses

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  1. Marc………….Is this the Carolus Anderson you refer to….

    Transcription of original Will of Carolus Anderson from North Carolina Archives & History

    WILL OF CAROLUS ANDERSON, Northampton Co., North Carolina

Dated Feb. 10, 1752 Proved: Feb. Crt. 1753 before J. Edwards, CC

Wife mentioned, not named (Court Records of 1753 prove her given name as MARY, EXTRX. of Carolus Anderson’s will)

    IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN, I Carolus Anderson of North Carolina in Northampton County, being of sound and perfect mind and memory knowing it is appointed for all men once to die, do appoint this my Last Will and Testament in manner & form following:

    Item: I commit my Soul to God that gave it to me, and my Body to the earth in Sure and certain hopes of a Joyful Resurrection, in and this the Merits of my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, and as to my Worldly Estate it haith pleased God to posses me with I give in manner and form following:

    Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Rachel Warren Two Hundred and Sixty acres of land bought of Capt. William Baker, five cows and calves, a feather bed and the Furniture, ___Iron Pot and Hooks which she has already had; and after the death of her Mother I give to her a Negro boy called Peter, also I give to my grandson Carolus Warren 200 Acres of land being the remaining part of the aforementioned 460 Acres.

    Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Mary Anderson the Manner Plantation after the death of her Mother, beginning at the Mouth of the Great Gut ____the Seine Place and so up the gut to a white oak and along the line of marked trees in my Old Deed specified to a pine a corner tree so from thence along the line of marked trees to my back line, also five cows and calves, a bed with the furniture thereunto belonging, one Iron pot and hooks; a negro boy called Frank, after the death of her Mother.

    Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah Anderson the remaining part of the land of the Manner Plantation and One Hundred acres of Land upon Kirby’s Creek, five cows and calves, a Bed and the Furniture thereunto belonging, an Iron Pot and hooks, a Negro Boy called Lukes after the death of her Mother.

    Note the Cattle given to my daughters Mary & Sarah to make them equal to their sister Rachel not to be paid till such time as their Mother, my Executor, shall see proper, or Remaining Part of my Estate shall come to an equal portion.

    And I do hereby Constitute and appoint my Loving Wife to be the whole and Sole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament Revoking and Disallowing all other Wills by me ever made, and that after my Lawful Debts and Funeral Expenses are paid, I bequeath the Rest of my Estate to my Wife during her Natural life and after her decease the Estate with the Still to be equally divided amongst the three sisters, Viz: Rachel, Mary & Sarah. It is my Desire that an election be made amongst the 3 Sisters if they do not agree in the Division amongst themselves, of such parties as they shall think fit. Witness my hand and Seal this 10th day of February, 1752.

    Signed Carolus (CA his mark) Anderson*

    Signed, sealed and acknowledged to be the Last Will &Testament of Carolus Anderson in presence of:

    Signed: Nicholas Boon)

    William Boon) Jurant

    No.Hampton County pc/February Court, 1753

    The within written Will was Exhibited into Court by the Executrix therein named who was qualified thereon according to law and was proved by the Oath of both subscribing witnesses, which on motion was Ordered to be Certified.

    Mary Anderson, Executrix**

    Test: J Edwards, Clerk CC




    July 27, 2016 at 11:13 am

    • That is the one Jerry…

      This is the GOTO site for his info

      (however… I disagree about his possible father… my hunch it was George Anderson of Isle of Wight)



      July 27, 2016 at 12:12 pm

    • Marc……I also found this…..f it doesn’t pertain to you please delete……..

      James Anderson’s death in 1751 was reported by Thomas Bedingfield. (Albemarle Parish Register p. 64)

      In his will, 9 Jan 1750/1 – 21 Jan 1752, James Anderson describing himself as “of Parish of Southwark, Surry County” gives to son Thomas a bequest of books, “Human Prudence” and “The Whole Duty of Man; names son James; wife Rebecca; son John a tract of land lying in Amelia County adjacent to Thomas and Jordan Anderson’s land, being the remainder of a tract granted said Thomas an Jordan Anderson containing 200 acres; I give to my daughter Mary Eppes (m. Edward Eppes) all the estate she hath now of mine in her possession and L5 current money of Virginia; daughter Lyddey Averiss; daughter Priscilla; daughter Faith; to son William all my land in Surry County. Residue of estate to wife Rebecca and son William (not 21); if my wife should marry, she is to have nothing to do with tract called Arnols. Wife, executrix. Witnesses: Lemuel Coke, John Bishop, John Ray (Surry Book, 1738-1754, p.745). Appraisers: Benjamin Baird, Thomas Bedingfield, Richard Jones.

      James Anderson’s widow, Rebecca Anderson, lived nearly twenty years after her husband’s death. Her will, 14 Oct 1763 – 20 Mar 1770, divides her wearing apparel amoung four sisters: Sarah Rachell (Mitchell), Mary Bonner (former wife of William Briggs), Susannah Hill, and Hannah Gary; she mentions a granddaughter Charlotte Anderson; son William executor. (Surry Book 1768-1779, p.77). As Rebecca Anderson mentions only he one child, William, in her will, it is presumed that all of the other children named in James Anderson’s will were by his first marriage…………………

      Forgive any typing errors as I typed it from another page….




      July 27, 2016 at 1:39 pm

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