Andersons of Colonial N. Carolina

meant what they said, said what they meant

Edward Anderson, a one-deed appearance in N. Carolina

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By the late 1600s two prominent traders emerged in Virginia- Abraham Wood and William Byrd I.  Wood, in my view, being the more engaged and hands-on type and Byrd the more socially aware.  In a cruder, politically incorrect view more to my tastes, General Wood was the kick-ass indian fighter and Byrd the aristocrat wanne-be.  These two were the serious indian traders to be associated with; they had the financial and political connections.  Wood’s operation was centered on the Appomattox River at “his” fort (Henry) and Byrd near the falls of the James River.  Together, in their own methods, they formed the network of traders that ventured as far south as “Movile” and “Pansacola”.

   The sons of Reynard Anderson of Henrico County were associated with these traders.  I stumbled across the trail of his grandson John Anderson in North Carolina.  This abstract concerned an “Edward” Anderson which is the only reference I find to that name in the Carolina records of that time:


Bertie Deed D-206 Edward Anderson and Thomas Bryant to William Bodie 17

June 1734 for 30 pds 440 ac on north side Bridgers Creek and north side

Morattock River. Wit. John Dawson, William Cain


139-70   At a Court held for sd Prect. on Tuesday ye 11th? Day of Febry 1734. Present Capt. Thos. BRYANT  Capt. Needm. BRYANT  Mr. Jno. EDWARDS, Gent. Justs.


Edward ANDERSON? & Thos. BRYANT to W. BODIE proved Jurat Jno. DAWSON & Wm. CANE. 40 pd.   (Bertie County, NC County Court Minutes (Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions)   1724-1739 Book I, Weynette Parks Haun)



January 6, 1727/28. Power of atty. to collect debts, wages etc.”…to act as I myself might act…” wit: Robert Warrin, jurat, Richard Pace. * Court 1727. Edw. Mashborne D. C/C.   (Colonial Bertie County, North Carolina  VOL II  Deed Books B & C, 1725-1730 & 1739,  Mary Best Bell)


June 1729 Henry Anderson of Henrico Co., for love & affection to my son John Anderson, part of tract I live on on north side of Appomattox River, called Wintopock, below Turkey Island and next to Col. Francis Epes, 400 acres.  Dated  June 1729.Wit:  Tho’ms Randolph, J. BollingSigned:  Henry AndersonRecorded 1st Mon June 1729 page 233, Colonial Wills of Henrico County, VA; Part One 1677 – 1737; (With Miscellaneous Documents beginning in 1654); Abstracted and compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger, III


sons of Henry of Henrico Co. VA

Edward Anderson was identified in a 1725-deed made by his brother in Amelia County. He was dead by July 1738 when Henry Anderson presented the inventory of the estate of Edward Anderson. 

John Anderson left his 400-acre “Winterpock” plantation to his brother Edward and slaves to his brother Henry and sisters Martha, Frances, Ann, and Judith      The court recorded his estate accounts August 1738. 

The will of John Anderson is witnessed by one Thomas Bryan ( I do not know if he was the Bryan(t) of N. Carolina):

Henrico County Book 1725-1737                page 422

     To brother Edward Anderson, my plantation, 400 acres, commonly called “Wintopock, joining my father’s plantation, negroes, and livestock.

     To brother Henry Anderson, negroes

     To sister Martha Anderson,

     Sister Frances Anderson,

     Sister Ward,

     Sister Judith Cocke, each, negroes.

     All the rest to brother Edward, and he is to be executor.

     Wit: Elizabeth Crawford, William Cheser, Thomas Bryan.

bridgersCr_0001From 1733 Mosely map – Bridger’s Creek and Thomas Bryant shown in lower right… Munford and John Anderson

property was near the ford and Indian Path noted in upper left of map.


The uncle of the above John was another John Anderson who knocked at the door of North Carolina with his association with Robert Munford.   (Which may have prompted the interest of his nephew in the budding indian trader community centered around Occoneechee Neck N. Carolina).

15 May 1722.  Brunswick County. Grantee(s): Mumford, Robert and Anderson, John. Description: 2811 acres beginning &c. in the fork of Cocks Creek.  (This area was at the ford of the Roanoke River meeting the “indian Trading Path”).

The will of this John leaves little doubt as to his occupation as an indian trader (by occupation I mean in addition to his other pursuits).

John Anderson

03/03/1718 will

09/14/1725 recorded

Prince George County Book 1713-1728               page 837.

     To Brother William Anderson, two cows and calves

     To Nephew [sic] Martha Cock, wife to James Powell Cocke, 1/2 my entry of land on southside of Nottoway River at Stony Hill Run, 6 cows and a pig.

     To nephew Ann Herbert £ 20

     To nephew Buller Herbert, my land I bought of John Clarke, 140 acres, and the plantation Benjamin Blick lived on, as was given me by his father, John Herbert, also the negro woman Moll, and money made out of my cattle and hogs, and also money due me at Richard Bland’s for my voyage out of a tradeing.

     To nephew Richard Herbert, my plantation at fox branch, 170 acres, and also plantation I bought of William Rives that joins it, 130 acres, and 1/2 my entry at Stony Hill Run, and two negroes.

     All the rest to be divided equally between Buller and Richard Herbert.  If they cannot agree, then as James Powell Cock shall see fit.

     Wit: William Westbrook, Thomas Jones, James Mayes, William Stroud


The sister of this John was Frances Anderson who married John Herbert, the father of the Buller Herbert mentioned in the above will.  The elder Herbert was an agent for Richard Buller (London Merchant).  In 1682 he got into a bit of trouble … “condemned for shipping out deerskins of the ship “Dolphin”.  This Frances is rather fascinating to me because she is at the center of what is slowly emerging among genealogists as an untold story of these “indian traders” of Virginia and N. Carolina.

   Patrick Anderson has done considerable research on these VA Andersons – available on his website.



Morrison, A. J..

“The Virginia Indian Trade to 1673.”

William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine series 2, 1 (October 1921): 217-36.


“Then in 1622—Governor Argall was right, those Indians were not fancying deeds of trust—the great massacre checked enterprise somewhat and commercial penetration somewhat. Yet in 1624 there was a cargo of furs sent to Holland from Virginia.

That cargo probably came out of Chesapeake Bay. These items seem to show that under Company rule to 1624 there was neither public nor private organization of the Indian trade in the James River Country. It was a haphazard business at the first contact, springing largely from curiosity on both sides, and what trading was done went on up the James and to the north, in the Rappahannock and the Potomac and about Chesapeake Bay. For many years the English were seized with the dreads regarding the country south of James River.”


from the south, to Fort Henry on the Appomattox or to the house opposite of Captain John Flood. At the time, Captain Flood was chief interpreter to the colony. His house being on the Appomattox the evidence is perhaps that the more important Indian business of Virginia had shifted already to the South. Certain it is, that of the four trading forts established after the second massacre, Fort Henry, under Captain Abraham Wood on river Appomattox, was the most conspicuous as the records are. Captain Wood, who had made his own way in the colony, once established at Fort Henry, long continued there. He was a Southside man. Stipulations following the massacre of 1644 made it clear that the north side and the south side of the James were, by reason of the broad river, regions distinct; each must fend for itself. Abraham Wood was chosen commander on the Southern March. His abilities, well approved in peace and war, he was confirmed by government in his tenure of Fort Henry, allowed to keep the post (with a plantation) at his own charge, free of taxation for a term of years. He was to maintain a small force there, his own trading force, which should be garrison as well. This was the policy with all those forts—the emergency past, those four posts were handed over to private enterprise, trader’s enterprise, the concessionaire to guarantee defence. Captain Henry Fleet had in this way been authorized, when treating with Necotowance, to build a fort on Rappahannock, an important station, but we know more about Fort Henry. The second massacre had done much to organize the trade.”


in 1650 Edward Bland, merchant in James River, Captain Abraham Wood and others, were permitted by the Governor to go exploring south. They went South South West several days journey and then they thought it well to return. They reached a country in their opinion “far more temperate than ours of Virginia, and the inhabitants full of children.” This was likely the country of the Island of Occoneechee where the Roanoke branches into the Sapony and the Saura, that is to say the Staunton and the Dan. On the way out a Nottaway King said to them: There was a Wainoke Indian told him that there was an Englishman, a Cockarous, hard by Captain Flood’s gave this Indian bells and other petty truck to lay down to the Tuskarood King, and would have had him to go with him, but the Wainoke in doubt what to do when to Captain Flood who advised him not to go for that the Governor would give no license to go thither. Our recorded history in this field is plainly fragment. The Englishman of the narrative, a cockarous or important man, went to the Tuscarora without the Wainoke and without pestering the Governor. The exploring party heard of him again: a Tuscarora Indian they met at a Meherrin town gave them word that the adventuring cockarous was then a great way off at the further Tuscarora town. “








Written by anderson1951

September 5, 2009 at 10:05 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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